In the municipal sphere, when it comes to making important decisions, citizens can exercise their democratic right in two ways.

  • Representative democracy allows citizens, during municipal elections, to name the elected officials who will represent them when it is time to make decisions.
  • Direct democracy allows citizens to participate directly in making the decision. This occurs during a referendum.

Since 2005, municipal elections take place simultaneously every 4 years in all municipalities in Québec. Referendums, on the other hand, are organized periodically under certain circumstances in order to allow the population to express its wishes on a given issue.

As far as the Municipality is concerned, the most important person in the case of an election or referendum is the returning officer. This is generally the Municipality’s registrar or secretary-treasurer. The returning officer is responsible for conducting, in a neutral and impartial manner, all of the operations required for the democratic exercise in which all La Pêche electors are called to take part.

To learn more about municipal elections

From the citizens’ point of view, the most important thing, in the case of an election or referendum, is to be included on the list of electors, so that they can vote.